How Is The School Board Organized?
How is a School Board Organized?
A school district is a political subdivision of the state and a municipal corporation. Its school board is a governing board, charged with carrying out the state's responsibility in providing a free public education to every student.
The superintendent of schools is the executive officer of the school board. The superintendent is appointed and employed by the school board.
Although a school district is referred to as a municipal corporation, the powers of its governing (school) board are limited by statute. Therefore, it is actually a quasi-corporation: it can sue or be sued, make contracts or be contracted with, and hold real and person property.
Most school boards have five members who are each elected to five year terms, one of which comes up for election every year. Some school districts (Shawnee) have seven members, and elementary districts (districts containing only elementary schools) have three members. If a school district has 1,800 or more students, each board member must be elected from a specific election district within the school district, but is voted upon at large.